1. Geo-informatics Engineering:
Geo-informatics engineering is one of its kinds in Pakistan. It is only offered by one institute in Pakistan, that is, the National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad. Geo-informatics includes the study of geography, cartography and geosciences with an edge of technology. The four-year bachelor’s degree in this field enables you to analyse spatial data with geo-visualization and geo-computation.
The field has a growing scope in civil, military and commercial industry
2. Avionics Engineering:
Avionics engineering is offered by various institutes in Pakistan and is gaining a lot of popularity. This area of study enables engineers to study the electronics, software and hardware of aircrafts, space crafts and satellites. Systems like display management, communication devices, etc. fitted in the aerospace vehicle are studied in depth.
Avionics Engineers can make an excellent career in the airline industry; they can be associated with Research and Development and can also find Job opportunity in armed forces opportunities in the defense. (Not only these) Also, since a variety of subjects are taught during this four years programme, these engineers are equipped to perform as communications and electrical engineers as well.
3. Polymer and Petrochemical Engineering:
Polymer and Petrochemical engineering is recently offered by the NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi. This combination provides an effective base to work for the petroleum and materials industry. The degree makes use of variety of subjects ranging from basic introductory courses to polymers and petrochemicals to the physics associated with it and numerous techniques and experiments which enable practical use of the knowledge.
A degree in polymer and petro-chemical will (land the engineer) help engineers to find a job in any private or public petroleum, oil and gas firm, manufacturing sector and research and development.
4. Food Engineering:
Food engineering, I’d say, is the need of time, in Pakistan. This degree equips the engineers to deal with health and safety standards of food processing; it makes use of technical skill to provide solutions for scarcity of resources along with growing population and urbanization. Food engineering combines technology, microbiology and science to study food, food industry and its related fields.
This engineering is suitable for individuals who are interested in food industries, their health and safety checks, development of new products, research of the existing food products and sensory evaluation of food. A food engineer will find immense value for his/her degree in any private food processing, packaging or distributing firm.
5. Textile Engineering:
Textile engineering, unfortunately, is a neglected area of engineering in Pakistan. Although the degree is offered by various institutes throughout the country but it needs to be highlighted. Pakistan has a developed and growing textile industry and textile engineers are fully trained to take up the firms operations. This degree capacitates individuals to manage and develop machine parts, provide quality assurance, mange operations of a textile firm and maintenance of the overall production facility.
Bachelors in Textile engineering can help you get a job in any textile firm or in the textile departments of aerospace, bio-medical or automobile firms.
6. Bio-medical Engineering:
Bio-medical engineering has recently taken pace in Pakistan and is offered by a few renowned institutions. It provides a mix of technology, medicine and biology. A bio-medical engineer is able to understand the medical conditions and provide technical assistance or machines which can help in the treatment of the patient. They are not only prepared to develop new machines, instead they are able to work in labs and hospitals where a mix of medical knowledge and technology is needed.
Bio-medical engineers can work in hospitals, diagnostic laboratories and also firms which develop surgical, rehabilitative, orthopedic, etc. equipment.
7. Marine Engineering:
Marine engineering is an old field of study but is relatively new in Pakistan. NED is the only institute offering it on behalf of the Pakistan Marine Academy. This degree capacitates engineers to study marine vehicles with respect to the science of ocean and sea. It studies the mechanical, electronic and computer sciences aspect of the vehicles and oceanographic technology.
Marine engineers can be employed in both, the private and the public sector. Pakistan Navy, Pakistan National Shipping Corporation are major employers in the public sector but private cargo shipping firms also hire marine engineers.
8. Urban and Infrastructure Engineering:
Only a few institutes offer engineering in urban and infrastructure in Pakistan as yet but more will follow suit because it is has a growing need and demand. With increasing urbanization and population, planning of urban spaces and infrastructure has become highly wanted. This specialization enables engineers to take advantage of major aspects of civil and urban engineering. They are exposed to a detailed study of traffic, transportation, structures, water management, managerial subjects and many more.
Career prospects with this degree range from city planners and developers to private housing authority planners and developers.
9. Nanoscience and Engineering:
Nanoscience and engineering is the study of nanotechnology and its application. It prepares engineers to make the best use of nanotechnology to provide solutions for problems through research and development. The field of study is advanced and new in Pakistan. It is offered only at Masters and doctorate level so that efficient research into the area can reap greater benefits.
This engineering can help engineers make a good career in research and development, strategic organizations, private firms who want to produce nanotechnology-based products and many more.
10. Earthquake Engineering:
Earthquake engineering has only recently been launched in the country. It is offered at the Masters level only and enables engineers to study structures which can be earthquake resistant. It equips them with the skills required to design, create and evaluate structures which can be affected during earthquakes and come up with measures to minimize losses.
Earthquake engineers can be employed at urban planning departments in the public sector and can also be employed by private construction companies.
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